How to Design the Automated Warehouse
Collect and study the original data of customer, and understand the goals that customer want to achieve. The required information includes:
1. Understand the process of connecting the automated warehouse with upstream and downstream.
2. Logistics requirements
Requirement: The largest outbound and inbound volume.
3. Material specifications: number of material types, material packaging form, outer packaging size, weight .The quantity, storage method and other characteristics of other materials;
4. The on-site conditions and environmental requirements of the automation warehouse;
5.The customer's functional requirements for the warehouse management system;
6. Other related information and special requirements.
Determine the main form and related parameters of the automated warehouse
After all the original data is collected, the design needs can be calculated based on these first-hand data .The relevant parameters of the warehouse include:
1.The requirements for the total amount of the outbund and inbound for entire warehouse area, that is, the warehouse flow requirements
2. The external dimensions and weight of the cargo unit;
3.The number of positions in the warehouse storage area (racking area):
Combining the above three points to determine the number of rows, rows and lanes in the storage area (shelf factory) and other related technologies
3. Reasonably arrange the overall layout and logistics diagram of the automated Lixiu warehouse
Generally speaking, automated three-dimensional warehouses include: warehousing temporary storage area, inspection area, palletizing area, storage area
Storage area, outbound temporary storage area, pallet temporary storage area, non-conforming product temporary storage area and sundries area, etc. When planning,
It is not necessary to plan each of the above-mentioned areas in the physical warehouse. It can be based on the user’s technological characteristics and
It is required to reasonably divide the areas and increase or decrease areas. At the same time, the flow of materials should be considered reasonably,
The flow of materials is unimpeded, which will directly affect the capacity and efficiency of the automated warehouse.
Four, select the type of mechanical equipment and related parameters
The rack design is an important content of the asrs warehouse design, which directly affects the warehouse
Utilization of area and space.
①Racking type: There are many forms of rack, but the rack used in automated warehouses are general There are: beam type shelves, corbel type shelves, mobile shelves and so on. When designing, it can be based on the cargo unit’s size, weight and other related factors are selected reasonably.
②The size of the cargo compartment: The size of the cargo compartment depends on the cargo unit and the shelf column and beam (corbel)
The size of the gap between the same pair, to a certain extent, is also affected by the type of shelf structure and other factors.
2, stacker crane
The stacker crabe is the core equipment of the entire automated warehouse. It is operated manually and semi-automatically.
Operation or fully automatic operation realizes the transfer of goods from one place to another. It consists of a frame (upper beam, lower beam
Beam, column), horizontal walking mechanism, lifting mechanism, loading platform, fork and electrical control system.
①Determination of the form of stacker: There are many types of stacker, including monorail roadway stacking
Machine, dual-track roadway stacker, turning roadway stacker, single-pillar stacker, double-pillar stacker
Machine and so on.
②Determination of stacker speed: According to the flow requirements of the warehouse, calculate the stacker's horizontal speed
Degree, lifting speed and fork speed.
③Other parameters and configuration: according to the warehouse site conditions and user requirements to select the positioning of the stacker
Method, communication method, etc. The configuration of the stacker can be high or low, depending on the specific situation.
3, conveying system
According to the logistics diagram, choose the type of conveyor reasonably, including: roller conveyor, chain conveyor
Machine, belt conveyor, lifting transfer machine, hoist, etc. At the same time, according to the instantaneous flow of the warehouse
Reasonably determine the speed of the conveying system.
4, other auxiliary equipment
According to the warehouse process and some special requirements of users, some auxiliary equipment can be appropriately added.
Equipment, including: handheld terminal, forklift, balance crane, etc.
5. Preliminary design control system and warehouse management system (WMS) function modules
According to the warehouse process and user requirements, reasonably design the control system and warehouse management system
System (WMS). The control system and warehouse management system generally adopt modular design, which is easy to upgrade and maintain.
The above is the general process of automated warehouse design. In the specific design, it can be combined flexibly in specific situations.
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